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FREIGHT RESOURCE CENTER

RESEARCH

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09-01-2014
GAO Surface Transportation Report Department of Transportation Should Measure the Overall Performance and Outcomes of the TIGER Discretionary Grant Program

A report to the Ranking Member,Committee on Environment and Public Works, U.S. Senate on Surface Transportation recommending that the Department of Transportation Should Measure the Overall Performance and Outcomes of the TIGER Discretionary Grant Program

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09-01-2014
Developing National Strategy Would Benefit from Added Focus on Community Congestion Impacts

Projected increases in the transport of freight by rail and truck may produce economic benefits but also increase traffic congestion in communities. MAP-21, which contains a number of provisions designed to enhance freight mobility, is currently before Congress for reauthorization. GAO was asked to review trends in freight flows and any related traffic-congestion impacts. This report addresses among other things: (1) recent changes in U.S. rail and truck freight flows and the extent to which related traffic congestion is reported to impact communities, and (2) the extent to which DOT’s efforts to implement MAP-21 address freight related traffic congestion in communities. GAO analyzed rail data from 2007 through 2012 and highway data from 2010 and 2012 and reviewed 24 freight-related traffic congestion mitigation projects at 12 locations selected on the basis of different geographical locations and sizes. The results are not generalizable. GAO also reviewed federal laws and interviewed

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09-01-2014
Intergovernmental Challenges in Surface Transportation Funding

This paper examines the contributions of the states and the federal government, as well as those of localities, to the funding of highway and transit programs. It is the first in a series, Fiscal Federalism in Action, that will describe how the federal-state fiscal relationship works in several policy areas to which both levels of government make significant financial contributions. All levels of government have a long history of investment in transportation,and all are facing challenges in maintaining transportation expenditures. Future research will explore similar topics in other policy areas, such as higher education and K-12 programs.

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