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Leveraging Large Truck Technology and Engineering to Realize Safety Gains

Large trucks with gross vehicle weight rating of more than 10,000 pounds drove approximately 280 billion miles on U.S. roads in 2015 and were involved in a total of over 400,000 crashes, which resulted in 116,000 injuries and 4,067 deaths. Advances in vehicle safety technology provide the opportunity to prevent substantial numbers of these crashes, injuries, and deaths. Examples of such technologies include braking systems designed to shorten a truck’s stopping distance, systems that warn the driver if the truck begins to drift out of its lane, and systems that can detect when a crash is imminent and automatically apply the brakes if the driver fails to do so. The purpose of this study was to estimate the cost-effectiveness of these technologies by comparing the economic value of the benefits associated with installing these advanced safety technologies on large trucks with the costs of doing so.


NACFE 2017 Annual Fleet Fuel Study This report contains the results into the adoption of various products and practices for improving freight efficiency among 19 major North American fleets. The scope of this work encompassed Class 8 tractors (daycabs and sleepers) and trailers in regional and long-haul applications. Fleets providing data for this 2017 study include Bison Transport, Cardinal Logistics, CFI, CR England, Challenger Motor Freight, Crete, Frito-Lay, Maverick, Mesilla Valley Transportation, NFI Industries, Nussbaum, Paper Transport, Prime, Ryder System Inc., Schneider, United Parcel Service, and US Xpress. One more fleet has supplied data in the past, but has not for the past few years. The primary goal was to study the fleets’ levels of adoption of 85 technologies and practices, and the results those drove in each organization. All 85 technologies, up from 69 in last year’s study, are currently available and not prototypes, validation test units


Guide for Identifying, Classifying, Evaluating, and Mitigating Truck Freight Bottlenecks

The Transportation Research Board’s National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Research Report 854: Guide for Identifying, Classifying, Evaluating, and Mitigating Truck Freight Bottlenecks provides transportation agencies state-of-the-practice information on truck freight bottlenecks using truck probe data rather than traditional travel demand models. The report embraces a broad definition of truck freight bottlenecks as any condition that acts as an impediment to efficient truck travel, whether the bottleneck is caused by infrastructure shortcomings, regulations, weather, or special events. The comprehensive classification of truck freight bottleneck types described in this report provides a standard approach for state departments of transportation, metropolitan planning organizations, and other practitioners to define truck freight bottlenecks and quantify their impacts.